DESPRE CELŢI ŞI DUBLINEZI CU W.B. YEATS ŞI JAMES JOYCE
OF CELTS AND DUBLINERS WITH W. B. YEATS AND JAMES JOYCE
Faculty of Letters, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca,
31 Horea Street, e-mail: email@example.com.
This article tackles the cultural programs belonging to these to two artists, who ultimately had in mind the same goal, namely that of promoting Irish identity and the idea of Ireland, even though their approaches were wholly different. Yeats had in mind the formation of an Irish national identity which could stand apart from an English one. This identity would have at its roots the Celtic tradition, transmitted to people by an elite group of poets. And since a nation must have a language of its own, this would be Irish-Gaelic, which he considered to be the true language of Ireland. Joyce desired as well for the Irish to be a people in their own right, but he saw Irish-Gaelic as a language that had played out its purpose. He considered that the best course of action for the people of Ireland would be to view themselves openly and honestly and to build the country up in line with the modern, cosmopolitan Western Europe contemporary to them.
Key words: Ireland, Irish Renaissance, literary movement, identity, Celtic folklore, Protestant, Catholic
Cuvinte cheie: Irlanda, renaşterea irlandeză, mişcare literară, identitate, folclor celtic, protestant, catolic